(International Phonetic Alphabet)
A single speech sound — either a vowel or a consonant — is indicated by an IPA symbol between two slashes — / p /. A word is shown phonetically in brackets — [pɛn].
A primary stress is indicated by an accent mark occurring slightly above and before the syllable that is to be stressed:
A stop-plosive consonant that is stopped-but-not-exploded is indicated by the symbol / ̚ / just above and to the right of the IPA symbol / t̚ /: